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Killers' right to vote decision due
Two convicted murderers will learn today whether they have won a Supreme Court battle over the right to vote while in jail.
The UK's highest court announces its decision in challenges brought by Peter Chester and George McGeoch.
Chester, who is in his 50s, is serving life for raping and strangling his seven-year-old niece Donna Marie Gillbanks in Blackpool in 1977.
He is detained at Wakefield prison in West Yorkshire and the minimum term he was ordered to serve before becoming eligible to apply for parole has expired.
McGeoch, from Glasgow, is serving his life sentence at Dumfries prison for the 1998 murder of Eric Innes in Inverness.
He received a minimum term of 13 years, but due to subsequent convictions, including taking two prison nurses hostage in a siege in 2001, will not be considered for parole until 2015.
The European Court of Human Rights ruled in 2005 that a blanket ban on serving prisoners going to the polls was incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), relating to the right to free and fair elections.
The court said it was up to individual countries to decide which inmates should be denied the right to vote from jail, but that a total ban was illegal.
Chester, who is also known as Peter Chester Speakman, originally had his voting claims rejected by the High Court in 2009.
His challenge at the Supreme Court follows a decision by three Court of Appeal judges in December 2010 when it was argued on his behalf that the serious nature of his offence did not justify disenfranchising him, and to do so was "disproportionate" and violated his human rights.
Prime Minister David Cameron has vowed that inmates would not be given voting rights under his administration and has said that the idea of giving prisoners the vote makes him ''sick''.
He told the House of Commons last year: ''No one should be in any doubt: prisoners are not getting the vote under this Government.''
Under section three of the Representation of the People Act 1983, convicted prisoners are prevented from voting in parliamentary and local government elections - and under the European Parliamentary Elections Act 2002 a person is entitled to vote in European parliamentary elections if he is entitled to vote in parliamentary elections.
In November the Government published the Voting Eligibility (Prisoners) Draft Bill for pre-legislative scrutiny by a joint committee of both Houses.
It has put forward three options - a ban for prisoners sentenced to four years or more, a ban for prisoners sentenced to more than six months and a re-statement of the existing ban.
The Supreme Court has been asked to decide on whether European Union (EU) law gives convicted prisoners the right to vote in municipal and/or European Parliamentary elections.
In Chester's case the issue is whether the court should make a declaration that the statutory ban preventing him from voting is "incompatible" with his rights under the ECHR and with EU law.